Complications after Bariatric Surgery – Long Term Side Effects
Complications after bariatric surgery: There are many obese people who are also having severe obesity-related health problems such as type 2 diabetes, heart problem, sleep apnea etc. Usually, people who are obese run more health risk. Many of the obese people are taking bariatric surgery as a quick-fix solution to it. To most of them, it has been proved effective, easy and safe. But it has its side effects and you must be aware of all these before you take the surgery.
There are common side effects as well as short term and long term side effects of the Bariatric surgery. There are basically two types of surgeries: Restrictive surgery and Malabsorptive surgery. You have to stay in a hospital for 2-3 days after the surgery.
Restrictive surgery is very simple of all type of bariatric surgeries. It is a laparoscopic surgery and needs very small incision. There is no cut made to stomach or intenstine. But success rate for losing weight is also average. There are chances that you will regain the weight lost over the years.
Malabsorptive surgery includes the Gastric bypass, Gastric sleeve, duodenal switch etc. These are comparatively complex surgeries and stomach size is reduced. The success rate is quite high and you will reduce weight fast.
There are many potential risks associated with the weight loss surgery, but mostly it health advantages overweighs it. On average 10% patients suffer from minor complications, whereas 5% have major complications.
Common side effects of the bariatric surgery
- Constipation: Constipation is the common complaint after the bariatric surgery. You can take care of it by including dietary fiber in your food and minimize it.
- Dumping Syndrome: When you eat sugar rushes to the stomach and you might feel vomiting, nausea after taking the food. And you will feel weak.
- Wound infection: You might develop surgical wound infection up to 3 weeks of surgery. You can see the symptoms such as redness, pain or pus. You need to take antibiotics for that.
- Gallstone: Many develop gallstone after sudden weight loss. Normally, it is harmless. 15% to 20% need to get gallbladder removed due to it after the surgery.
Short-term side effects of Bariatric Surgery
- Bleeding Stool: Internal bleeding might occur and you will get the reddish or black stool. In such cases, you should see a doctor immediately.
- Pulmonary Emboli: In very rare cases, in less than 1% of the patients, blood can clot in the lungs and it can be life-threatening as it can cause hemorrhage or lung failure. It can be prevented by giving blood-thinning drugs.
- Leaks: It is very rare. Leaks occur in the new connections made from the surgery and are very dangerous. You should rush to the doctor immediately.
Long Term side effects of Bariatric Surgery
- You run deficiency of nutrition, and you have to take supplementary vitamins and minerals regularly.
- You might develop osteoporosis or metabolic bone disease.
- You have to follow up and try to maintain it. You also have to make habit of living with less hunger.
If you are to go through a bariatric surgery for weight loss, set your weight loss goal, learn about all the potential risks associated with it and side effects of it. Discuss with the doctor about the options and corrective measures to minimize side effects.
More Related Queries:
- Long-term/Common Side Effects of Weight Loss/Bariatric Surgery
- Is a gastric bypass dangerous?
- Common Side Effects of Bariatric Surgery